Tribes of Rajasthan

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Name Geographical location and populations History and lineage Economic activity Social and Family life  
MEENA Constitute about 51.20% of population and concentrated in districts of Jaipur,Dausa,Sawai Madhopur,Rajsamand and Udaipur

 

Word meena means fish, Chandrabhardai states their origin to the kingdom south of alwar,dausa and bharatpur prior to Rajput rule They are divided into the Zamindars and Chaukidars.

Chaukidar meens consider themselves to be superior and are seldom involved in criminal activities.

Bhrama,Gandharva and Rakshasha form of marriage were prevalent in meenas. Divorce is not common but husband can tear a piece of dupatta and put in palm of wife to divorce.

Family is patrilineal and joint in nature.

BHIL Largely settled in Banswara,Bhilwara, Dungapur, Udaipur,Sirohi and Chitorgarh Districts Anthropologists consider them to be decedents of Mundas, Col. Tod consider them to be the aboriginal inhabitants of aravali area of then Mewar state. They were traditionally nomadic but now they practice Chaimata(Burnig of hill slopes for cereals,pulses and vegetables cultivation) and Dajia(felling forest of plains) type of Agriculture. They wrap Falu around their wriest.

Their houses are known as Koo

Village chief is called Tadvi and Banso.

They eat non vegiteranian food and are habitual drinker of Mahua(local wine)

GARASIYA Mainly in Udaipur District Decendents of Chauhans and rajputs. Mainly depends on agriculture and cattle rearing They have patrilineal family.

Three form of marriage (i)Mor Bandhiya (ii)Paharwana (iii) Tanna are prevalent.

Widow remarriage is prevalent.

SANSI Bharatpur Trace to person named Sansmal They live nomadic life, small scale handicrafs and cottage industries They don’t have permanent residence and are exogamous in nature.

Widow marriage is not allowed.

SAHARIYA Kota aborginal Farming and cattle breading. Their villages are known sahrol

They are peace loving

Sagotra marriage is forbidden

KANJAR Kota,Bundi,Jhalawara,

Bhilwara,alwar,Udaipur,

And Ajmer

Wanderers

Of wood

Theivery,Dacoity and highway robbery

They worship “Pati Manga” before their criminal activities.

Head is known as Patel.

They take oath of Hakam raja

Non vegetarian  and alcholic

KATHODI Kotari Tehsil in Baran   Agricultural labours  
DAMORE Seeemalwara panchayat of Dungarpur Trace their origin to Rajputs Farming They are non-vegetarian and drink alcohol.

Widow goes for Nata ie informal marriage with some person.

Child Mundan is prevalent.

Highly Superstitious and believes in ghosts and magic

 

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