Key Initiatives To Protect Marine And Coastal Environments

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  1. Coastal Ocean Monitoring and Prediction System (COMAPS)
  • Being implemented from 1991. Assesses the health of coastal waters and facilitates management of pollution-related issues
  • Programme was restructured and modified in 2000 2001 to include pollution monitoring; liaison, regulation and legislation; and consultancy services.

2.Land Ocean Interactions in the Coastal Zone (LOICZ)

 

  • Launched in 1995. Investigates the effects of global change on the coastal zone
  • Aims to develop, on a scientific basis, the integrated management of coastal environments
  1. Integrated Coastal and Marine Area Management (ICMAM)
  • Launched in 1998
  • Aims at integrated management of coastal and marine areas.
  • Model plans for Chennai, Goa and Gulf of Kutch being prepared
  1. Society of  Integrated Coastal Management (SICOM)
  • Launched in 2010
  • Major national initiative to protect coastal ecosystems
  • A professional body with experts in various aspects of coastal science and management
  1. Institutions for Coastal Management
  • The Notification on Coastal Regulation Zone (CRZ), 1991 (as amended from time to time) aims at protecting coastal stretches in India.
  • India has created institutional mechanisms such as National Coastal Zone Management
  • Authority (NCZMA) and State Coastal Zone Management Authority (SCZMA) for enforcement and monitoring of the CRZ Notification.
  • These authorities have been delegated powers under Section 5 of the Environmental (Protection) Act, 1986 to take various measures for protecting and improving the quality-of the coastal environment and preventing, abating  and controlling environmental pollution in coastal areas.
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