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Ancient Period :
Medieval PeriodThe Delhi Sultanate : Market and Military Reforms of Allauddin Khilji;Utopian policies of Muhainmad-bin-Tughlaq.
(xviii) The Mughals ; First Battle of Panipatj Achievements of SherShah Suri, Consolidation of MuRhal empire; Establishment nf Jagirdari and Mansabdari systems under Akbar, Akbar’s Religious and Rajput policies, Aurangzeb’s Religious and Rajput policies, Mughal Architecture and Painting,Economic Condition during Mughalperiod.
(xx)Beginning of European settlements:Formation and growth of East India Company; Consolidation of British power in India : Battles of Plassey and Buxar; Control over Mysore; Subsidiary Alliance; Doctrine of Lapse; Doctrine of Escheat
(xxvii) Mahatma Gandhi and Mass politics : Non-Co-oporation Movement Civil Disobedience Movement Quit India Movement
(xxviii)The partition of India and its consequences
History of Jharkhand
- Adi-dharma ie Sarana cult of jharkhand tribals
- Concept of Sadan and emergence of Nagpuria language;
- Tribal Revolts in Jharkhand and Naionalist struggle;
- Birsa Movement,
- Tana Bhagat Movement,
- Freedom Movement in Jharkhand.
Section (B) – Geography: 100 Marks
(A) Physical Geography (General Principles) :
(I) Origin and evolution of earth, interior of earth, Wegner’s Continental Drift Theory; Plate tectonics.Volcanoes, Earthquakes and Tsunamis
(ii)Major types of rocks and their characteristics, evolution and characteristics of landforms in the Fluvial, Glacial, Arid and Karst regions
(iii) Geomorphic processes; Weathering, mass wasting, erosion and deposition,soil formation,Landscape cycles, ideas of Davis and Penck
(iv)Composition, Structure and Stratification of the atmosphere
(v) Insolation,heat budget of the earth.
(vi) Horizontal and vertical distribution of temperature, inversion of temperature.
(vii) Air masses and fronts. Tropical and temperate cyclones.
(vtii) Evaporation and Condensation: dew, frost, fog, mist and cloud, rainfall types.
(ix)Classification of climates, (Koppen and Thornthwaite), Greenhouse effect, global warming and climatic changes
(x) Hydrological cycle, distribution of temperature and solicits in the oceans and seas, waves,tides and currents, ocean floor relief features,
(S) Physical and Human Geography of India ;
(xi) Structure, relief and physiographic divisions.Drainage Systems Himalayan and the Peninsular.
(xii)Indian monsoon, mechanism, onset and retreat, climatic types (Koppen and Trewartha).Green Revolution and its impact on major crops of India. Food scarcity
(xlll) Natural Vegetation-Forest types and distribution, wild life, conservation, biosphere reserves.
(xiv)Major types of Soils.(ICAR classification) and their distribution. Soil degradation and conservation
(xv) Natural Hazards : Floods, Droughts, Cyclones, Landslides,
(xvl) Population growth, distribution and density
(xvli)Age: Sex, ratio, rural-urban composition;
(xviii)Population, environment and development
(xlx)Types of Settlements : rural and urban. Urban morphology; functional classification of urban settlements Problems of human settlement in India.
(C) Natural Resources of India; Development and Utilization Land Resources ie General land use, agricultural land use,
(xx) geographical condition and distribution of major crops, like,Rice, Wheat,Cotton, Jute, Sugarcane, Rubber, Tea and Coffee,
(xxi) Water Resources : Availability and utilization for industrial and other purposes, irrigation, scarcity of water, methods of conservation-rain water harvesting and watershed management, ground water management.
(xxii)Minerals and Energy Resources : Distribution and utility of [a] metaiic minerals (ion ore, copper, bauxite, magnese), (b) non- metallic and conventional minerals [coal,petroleum and natural gas), (cj hydro electricity and non conventional sources of energy (Solar, Wind, bio-gas),(d) energy sources Their distribution and conservation.
(xxiii) Development of Industries : Types of Industries;factors of industrial location, distribution and changing pattern of selected industries [iron and steel, cotton textile, sugar and petro- chemicals); Weber’s theory of industrial location-lts relevance in the modern world.
(xxiv) Transport, Communication and International Trade : Roads, railways and water ways. Bases of International trade, changing pattern of India’s ‘ foreign trade.
(D) Geography of Jharkhand and Utilization of its Resources :
(xxv) Geological history,landforms, drainage, climate, soil types and forests; agriculture and irrigation,Damodar & Suberna rekha valley projects; mineral resources of Jharkhand,their extraction and utilization,
(xxvi)Population : Growth, distribution, density; Tribal population and their distribution.Problems of Tribes and Tribal development Plans; their customs,rituals,festivals etc
(xxvii)Industrial and urban development. Major industries-Iron, Steel and Cement; industries,
(xxviiI)Pattern of urban settlement and Pollution Problems
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