Agricultural Crops of India

Fed up with reading online?? Get the PDF's and Printed Notes at Nominal Rates
Click Here
Student Portal For JPSC Prelims and Mains Test Series:- student.jpscnotes.in

Get the demo before buying:- username demo, password demo

 

Crop State Prod Prod Yield Rainfall Temp Soil
% (Mil Kg/Ha cm Deg C
T)
Rice W. Bengal 15 87 1900 125-200 cm >23 C Deep Fertile
UP 14 Clayey or loamy
Andhra Pr 13 soil
Punjab 11
Wheat UP 35 74 2700 80 cm 10-25 C Light loam

 

Punjab 20 Sandy Loam
Haryana 172 Clay Loam
M.P. 11
Jowar Maharashtra 47 7.7 770 30-65 cm 27-32 C Black clayey soil
Karnataka 20
M.P. 10
Bajra Rajasthan 33 7.1 720 40-50 cm 25-30 C Light sandy
UP 18 Shallow black
Gujarat 16 Red upland soil
Maharashtra 14
Maize U.P. 15 12.1 1850 50-75 cm 21-27 C Well drained
Karnataka 15 alluvial or red
Rajasthan 11 loamy soil
Bihar/MP 10
Barley UP 44 1.7 1750 70-90 cm 10-18 C Light soil
Rajasthan 30
MP 7
Ragi Karnataka 60 2.3 1350
TamilNadu 13
U.P. 8
Pulses M.P. 25 14
U.P. 20
Rajasthan 17
Gram M.P. 40 3.5 720 35-50 cm 20-25 C Drained loamy
Rajasthan 31 soil
U.P. 12
Tur/Arhar Maharashtra 22 2.3 620 40-80 cm 20-25 C Range of soil
U.P. 20
M.P./Gujar. 15
Sugarcane U.P. 43 300 70 tonne 150 cm 20-25 C Deep rich loamy
Maharashtra 14 soil
Tamil Nadu 13
Karnataka 10

Commercial & Plantation Crops of India

Crop State Prod Prod Yield Rainfall Temp Soil
% (Mil Kg/Ha Cm Deg C
T)
Cotton Gujarat 28 11.6 226 50-75 cm 21-30 C Black Soil
Maharashtra 15 Million
Andhra Pr 11 Bales
Haryana 10 170 Kg
Jute W. Bengal 75 10 1960 125-200 cm 25-35 C Light sandy or

 

Bihar 14 Million Clayey Loams
Assam 9 Bales
Orissa 1 180 kg
Tobacco Andhra Pr. 31 .65 1400 50 cm 15-38 C Well Drained
Gujarat 29 Friable sandy
U.P. 23 loams
Groundnut Gujarat 33 9.2 1220 50-100 cm 20-30 C Sandy loam, red,
Andra Pr. 15 yellow, black soil
Tamil Nadu 22
Sunflower Karnataka 47 1.3 620 50 cm 15-25 C Loamy soils
Maharashtra 23
Andhra Pr. 17 5
Soyabeen M.P. 75 1000 50 cm 14-24 C Friable loamy
Maharashtra 13 Acidic Soil
Rajasthan 9
Tea Assam 55 0.78 1900 150-250 cm 25-30 C Well drained deep
W. Bengal 22 friable loams or
Tamil Nadu 15 Acidic Forest soil
Coffee Karnataka 71 0.3 960 150-250 cm 15-28 C Well drained
Kerala 21 friable forest loam
Tamil Nadu 8
Rubber Kerala 90 0.6 1600 300 cm 25-35 C Deep, well
Tamil Nadu drained loams
Oilseeds
1. Ground Nut Andhra Pradesh, Gujarat, Tamil Nadu
2. Rapeseed & Rajasthan (45%), U.P, M.P.
Mustard
3. Seasum Gujarat (28 %), W. Bengal
4. Linseed U.P, Maharashtra
5. Castorseed Gujarat (82%)
6. Soyabeen Madhya Pradesh (75%), Maharashtra, Rajasthan
7. Sunflower Karnataka (47%), Maharashtra (23%), Andhra Pradesh (17%)
8. Coconut Kerala (45%), Tamil Nadu (28 %)

 

 

 

 

 

Spices
1. Black Pepper Kerala (97 %)
2. Chillies Andhra Pradesh (37%)
3. Turmeric Andhra Pradesh (56%)
4. Ginger Kerala (22), Meghalaya (20%)
5. Cardamom Karnataka (57%)
6. Arecanut Karnataka (41%), Kerala (30%)

 

Horticultural Crops

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1. Mango UP (32), Bihar (13) Andhra Pradesh. Accounts for 40 percent of all fruits
2. Banana Maharashtra (28%), Gujarat (10%), Andhra Pradesh. Jalgaon district
alone supplies more than 80 % of Maharashtra’s Banana
3. Cashew Kerala (31%), Maharashtra (18%), Andhra Pradesh (14%). Cashew is a
genus of Brazil. Largest foreign exchange earner
4. Orange Maharashtra, M.P, Karnataka. Genus from China
5. Grapes Andhra Pradesh, Maharashtra. Native plant of Armenia. Grapes are
imported in India.
6. Guava U.P., Bihar. Native plant of Tropical America
7. Apple J & K, Himachal Pr, Uttaranchal
8. Potato U.P (35%), West Bengal (33%)
9. Onion Maharashtra, Tamil Nadu, Andhra Pradesh
Types of Crops
Kharif Crops Rice, Maize, Jowar, Ragi, Bajra, Tur, Moong, Urad, Cotton,
Jute, Seasum, Groundnut, Soyabeen,
Rabi Crops Wheat, Barley, Jowar, Rapeseed, Mustard, Linseed, Lentil,
Gram, Peas
Zaid Crops Sown during march to June. E.g. Water Melon, Melon,
Cucumber, Vegetables, Moong, Urad.
Jowar is both a Kharif & Rabi Crop.
JPSC Notes brings Prelims and Mains programs for JPSC Prelims and JPSC Mains Exam preparation. Various Programs initiated by JPSC Notes are as follows:- For any doubt, Just leave us a Chat or Fill us a querry––