Age structure, sex ratio and Rural-Urban composition of India

Rural-Urban Composition:

For the first time since Independence, the absolute increase in population is more in urban areas that in rural areas

Rural Population in India: 68.84%

Urban Population in India:31.16%

Level of urbanization increased from 27.81% in 2001 Census to 31.16% in 2011 Census

The proportion of rural population declined from 72.19% to 68.84%

 

INDIA/STATE/UT TOTAL POPULATION RURAL POPULATION URBAN POPULATION RURAL POP PERCENTAGE URBAN POP PERCANTAGE
A & N ISLANDS 3,79,944 2,44,411 1,35,533 64.33 35.67
ANDHRA PRADESH 8,46,65,533 5,63,11,788 2,83,53,745 66.51 33.49
ARUNACHAL PRADESH 13,82,611 10,69,165 3,13,446 77.33 22.67
ASSAM 3,11,69,272 2,67,80,516 43,88,756 85.92 14.08
BIHAR 10,38,04,637 9,20,75,028 1,17,29,609 88.7 11.3
CHANDIGARH 10,54,686 29,004 10,25,682 2.75 97.25
CHHATTISGARH 2,55,40,196 1,96,03,658 59,36,538 76.76 23.24
DADRA & NAGAR HAVELI # 3,42,853 1,83,024 1,59,829 53.38 46.62
DAMAN & DIU 2,42,911 60,331 1,82,580 24.84 75.16
GOA 14,57,723 5,51,414 9,06,309 37.83 62.17
GUJARAT 6,03,83,628 3,46,70,817 2,57,12,811 57.42 42.58
HARYANA 2,53,53,081 1,65,31,493 88,21,588 65.21 34.79
HIMACHAL PRADESH 68,56,509 61,67,805 6,88,704 89.96 10.04
INDIA 1,21,01,93,422 83,30,87,662 37,71,05,760 68.84 31.16
JAMMU & KASHMIR 1,25,48,926 91,34,820 34,14,106 72.79 27.21
JHARKHAND 3,29,66,238 2,50,36,946 79,29,292 75.95 24.05
KARNATAKA 6,11,30,704 3,75,52,529 2,35,78,175 61.43 38.57
KERALA 3,33,87,677 1,74,55,506 1,59,32,171 52.28 47.72
LAKSHADWEEP 64,429 14,121 50,308 21.92 78.08
MADHYA PRADESH 7,25,97,565 5,25,37,899 2,00,59,666 72.37 27.63
MAHARASHTRA 11,23,72,972 6,15,45,441 5,08,27,531 54.77 45.23
MANIPUR 27,21,756 18,99,624 8,22,132 69.79 30.21
MEGHALAYA 29,64,007 23,68,971 5,95,036 79.92 20.08
MIZORAM 10,91,014 5,29,037 5,61,977 48.49 51.51
NAGALAND 19,80,602 14,06,861 5,73,741 71.03 28.97
NCT OF DELHI 1,67,53,235 4,19,319 1,63,33,916 2.5 97.5
ORISSA 4,19,47,358 3,49,51,234 69,96,124 83.32 16.68
PUDUCHERRY 12,44,464 3,94,341 8,50,123 31.69 68.31
PUNJAB 2,77,04,236 1,73,16,800 1,03,87,436 62.51 37.49
RAJASTHAN 6,86,21,012 5,15,40,236 1,70,80,776 75.11 24.89
SIKKIM 6,07,688 4,55,962 1,51,726 75.03 24.97
TAMIL NADU 7,21,38,958 3,71,89,229 3,49,49,729 51.55 48.45
TRIPURA 36,71,032 27,10,051 9,60,981 73.82 26.18
UTTAR PRADESH 19,95,81,477 15,51,11,022 4,44,70,455 77.72 22.28
UTTARAKHAND 1,01,16,752 70,25,583 30,91,169 69.45 30.55
WEST BENGAL 9,13,47,736 6,22,13,676 2,91,34,060 68.11 31.89

 

 

 

 

 

Age Structure:

 

Age- sex structure is one of the most important characteristics of population composition. Almost all population characteristics vary significantly with age.

Information is included by sex and age group (0-14 years, 15-64 years, 65 years and over). The age structure of a population affects a nation’s key socioeconomic issues. Countries with young populations (high percentage under age 15) need to invest more in schools, while countries with older populations (high percentage ages 65 and over) need to invest more in the health sector. The age structure can also be used to help predict potential political issues. For example, the rapid growth of a young adult population unable to find employment can lead to unrest.

Below is the age structure of India:

 

 

0-14 years: 27.71% (male 186,420,229/female 164,611,755)
15-24 years: 17.99% (male 121,009,850/female 106,916,692)
25-54 years: 40.91% (male 267,203,029/female 251,070,105)
55-64 years: 7.3% (male 46,398,574/female 46,105,489)
65 years and over: 6.09% (male 36,549,003/female 40,598,872) (2016 est.)

 

 

Sex Ratio:

Sex ratio is used to describe the number of females per 1000 of males. Sex ratio is a valuable source for finding the population of women in India and what is the ratio of women to that of men in India.

In the Population Census of 2011 it was revealed that the population ratio in India 2011 is 940 females per 1000 of males. The Sex Ratio 2011 shows an upward trend from the census 2001 data. Census 2001 revealed that there were 933 females to that of 1000 males.

While Kerala with sex ratio of 1084 top the list, Daman and Diu with sex ratio of 618 is at the bottom of the list.

Below is the list of states according to the sex ration. In the list we can see the states with good sex ratio.

 

2011 Census
S.No. State Sex Ratio Child Sexratio
India 943 919
1 Kerala 1084 964
2 Puducherry 1037 967
3 Tamil Nadu 996 943
4 Andhra Pradesh 993 939
5 Chhattisgarh 991 969
6 Meghalaya 989 970
7 Manipur 985 930
8 Orissa 979 941
9 Mizoram 976 970

 

 

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