Jharkhand: Tribal development Plans for JPSC Prelims and mains examination

Bicycle Distribution Scheme

This Scheme has been started by Jharkhand Government to encourage girl students belonging to SC, ST, Minorities, and BPL families to go to schools and continue their studies. This plan was started by the state government for the following two reasons: –

  • The distance between the school & their houses being too much, the family members have difficulties in sending their girls to school.
  • After passing the middle level school many girl students of the villages discontinue their studies due to lack of transportation facilities. Purpose: The purpose of this plan is to stop the girl students belonging to the SC, ST, Minorities and BPL families from discontinuing their studies in high school stage due to distances between their villages & the high school. Structure: Initially the plan of providing bicycles free of cost to the girl students belonging to SC, ST, Minorities and BPL studying in class VIIIth, IXth, and Xth was started in the year 2002-2003. Later girl students of only class VIII of the target group are being benefited. Process: In order to get the benefit of this plan the application is to be sent through the concerned principal to the District Welfare Officer from where the bicycles are distributed.

 

BIRSA MUNDA AWAS YOJNA FOR PRIMITIVE TRIBES :-

The Tribals communities form a hefty chunk of the total population of the Jharkhand state. Out of these some tribal communities have been categorized as primitive tribal groups on the basis of their more backward socioeconomic status and other sociological traits. The Primitive Tribes Group includes 1-Asur 2. Birhor Birajia 4. Korba 5. Hill Kharia 6 Mal Pahariya 7. Sauriya Paharia 8. Parahriya and 9. Sabar. These Primitive Tribe Groups are found in all the 22 districts of the state and their total number, as per the last survey is 193,827. Their concentration is highest in the districts of Sahebjanj (35129) and Dumka (31550) and it is the lowest in the districts of Dhanbad (137) and Gridih (258). Some of the Primitive Tribes Group like Asur, Birhor and Birajia lead a nomadic life. Keeping in view the extremely low life standards of these communities the state of Jharkhand has started Birsa Munda Awas Yojna to provide homes to the families of Primitive Tribes.

Any family of Primitive Tribe Group can avail this scheme.

Depending upon the availability of fund beneficiaries are selected by MESO Project Officer/District Welfare Officer of the District. All families of Primitive Tribe Group are to be given houses phase wise under this scheme.

The Unit Cost of a Birsa Munda Awas is Rs 70,500/-. House is constructed by the beneficiaries himself under the supervision of Officers of Welfare Department. The Estimate of Unit Cost is being revised to Rs 1, 34,000.

 

Commercial Pilot Training Scheme

Pilot training is an ambitious plan of the State Govt. after a study conducted by the state government, it has been seen that the benefits of the reservation policy of the Indian Govt. for the tribal class people are not available is the work areas like pilot. As per reservation a number of posts of pilots in the govt. sectors for the tribal class are lying vacant. That is why the department has decided to start this plan in a successful manner.

The purpose of this plan is to provide free professional pilot training to the girls & boys belonging to Scheduled Tribe.

The welfare department has started giving free professional pilot training to 25 students belonging to the Scheduled Tribe. There is a condition attached for the beneficiaries of this plan, under which, after attaining the training and getting a job he will have to bear the cost of education up to Graduation level from class-V of two Tribal Students from their village or locality as selected by the Welfare Department.

According to this plan students are selected on the basis of written / physical test conducted after they apply for the same on the basis of the advertisement published in various newspapers. There after they are sent for training to two flying training institutes at Kanpur & Pondichery.

 

The Rajiv Gandhi National Fellowship (RGNF) Scheme

The Rajiv Gandhi National Fellowship (RGNF) Scheme for Scheduled Caste and Scheduled Tribes is formulated and funded by Ministry of Social Justice & Empowerment and Ministry of Tribal Affairs. The scheme is open to candidates who belong to Scheduled Caste & Scheduled Tribe and wish to pursue higher studies such as regular and full time M.Phil. and Ph.D degrees in Sciences, Humanities, Social Sciences and Engineering & Technology. There are 2000 slots for Scheduled Caste and 667 slots for Scheduled Tribe candidates every year for all the subjects.

 

National Overseas Scholarship for SC

Central Sector Scheme of National Overseas Scholarship for SC provides financial assistance to students pursuing Master level courses and Ph.D abroad in a recognized Institution/University by an authorized body of that country, Following specified fields of study are covered under this scheme:
a)Engineering & Management (32)
b)Pure Sciences & Applied Sciences(17)
c)Agricultural Sciences and Medicine(17)
d)Commerce, Accounting & Finance (17)
e)Humanities, Social Science & Fine Arts(17)

One Hundred awards, subject to availability of funds, per year are available under the Scheme.

 

 

 

Free distribution of Text-Books

Sarva Siksha Abhiyan provides for free distribution of text books to the girls belonging to all categories and boys belonging to SC/ST categories of class I-VIII. The purpose of this scheme is to provide free text books to those categories who are not covered under SSA belonging to the General and O.B.C. categories. During 2015-16 nearly 12.50 lakh children will get benefit of this scheme. The funds will be reimbursed to Jharkhand Education Project Council as a Grants- in- Aid.

 

Mukhyamantri Vidyalakshmi (MVY) Yojana

The objective of the scheme is to establish an enabling environment to reduce the drop outs and to promote the enrolment of girl child belonging to SC/ST communities in middle schools and ensure their retention up to the 14 years of age. This scheme will help in reducing dropout rate and encourage participation of girl child at upper primary level. The scheme will cover all SC/ST girls who pass class V from the State Government and Government-aided schools in the academic year 2015-16 onwards. Married girls and girl child studying in private schools will not be covered under this scheme. A sum of Rs. 2000 will be deposited under term deposit/fixed deposit in public sector bank or in a post office in the name of every eligible girl child. The term/period of the deposit will be counted from the date of deposit to the date on which the girl child enrolls herself in class IX in Government/ Government-aided/recognized high school.

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